How physical therapy is beneficial for herniated disc
The nucleus pulpous, the gel-like inside a disc, can herniate through a tear in the outer disc layer, a precise diagnosis (called the annulus). The lower lumbar spine is the most commonly affected; however, it can occur in any of the three spinal regions (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar). It is possible to have a herniation of the discs in the spine, making daily life difficult and unpleasant. Therapy can help ease some of the symptoms of this difficult diagnosis, which is good news.
If you have a herniation in the lumbar spine, you may or may not experience low back pain. If the disc material meets one of the spinal nerves in this location, it can cause pain in the legs.
Passive Physical Treatments for Herniated Discs
When a disc herniates in the neck, it can produce pain or spasms in the neck and shoulder blades. Numbness in the arm, hand, or fingers may result if the herniation pinches a nearby nerve as the disorder progresses further.
Disc herniation in the thoracic (mid-back) region is less common, and its symptoms are more diffuse. Pain in the abdomen, upper back, or lower back is the most prevalent symptom of this type of herniation. The symptoms can sometimes spread to your legs, causing paralysis in the affected limb. Your physical therapist will manage with you to design a program tailored to your needs.
Deep Tissue Massage:
With over 100 types of massages available, a herniated disc patient may benefit most from deep tissue massage, which applies a considerable degree of pressure to relieve deep muscle tension and spasms that form to limit muscle action in the affected area.
Hot and Cold Therapy:
Your physical therapist may switch between hot and cold therapy to receive the best outcomes. Your physical therapist may utilize heat on the target area to enhance blood flow. Blood supplies the area with extra oxygen and nutrients, which aids in healing. Muscle spasm waste byproducts are also removed by blood. A cooling effect is achieved through cry therapy (cold therapy). Inflammation, muscle spasms, and pain are all reduced as a result.
Hydrotherapy, as the name implies, involves the use of water. Hydrotherapy can be used passively, such as when lying in a warm bath or shower. Hydrotherapy is a pain-relieving and muscle-relaxing treatment.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS):
Using an electrical current, a TENS machine stimulates your muscles. Although it sounds intense, there is no actual pain involved. Electrical current from electrodes applied to your skin may send to specific spots along with the nerve system. TENS has been shown to alleviate muscle spasms and release endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers.
Traction may send to lessen the strain on the spine caused by the patient’s weight. The goal is to decrease disc herniation by gently separating the bones. When you place a jack under the automobile and remove the tire’s pressure, the comparison is similar to a flat tire “vanishing.” You can do it in either the cervical or the lumbar spines.
Signs and Symptoms physical therapy
The location and orientation of the herniated disc, as well as the degree of pressure exerted on adjacent nerves, determine the type and location of your symptoms. If you have a herniated disc, you may not feel a thing! As a result, it can result in any of the following:
- Aches and pains in various parts of the body.
- The inability to move the neck or back in any way.
- Neck, shoulders, hands, hips, legs, and feet are tingling or numb.
- Arms and legs weakness
- I was walking with many sways.
- Cough, sneeze, reach, or sit with increased pain.
- “Stuck” in a position, such as bent forward or leaning to one side; inability to stand up straight.
- Hard time I was getting out of bed.
- Standing or sitting for lengthy periods is difficult because of pain.
- Morning pain that gets worse.
How Can a Physical Therapist Help?
In most cases, conservative treatment (such as physical therapy) is more effective than surgery or painkillers in repairing a herniated disc. Your physical therapist will cooperate with you to devise a personalized treatment plan that includes exercises and treatments you can carry out at home to help you recover more quickly. Physical therapy might assist you in returning to a more normal way of life and routine. If the correct posture, pain-reduction, stretching, and strengthening regimen is followed, you can attain benefits in 2 to 8 weeks or less.
Rest the area by avoiding any activities that worsen symptoms in the arms or legs for the first 40 hours following your diagnosis of a herniated disc. Stay out of bed. Do some housework and take a few short walks every day. Pain and stiffness can be reduced and alleviated by regular exercise. For 15 to 20 minutes, apply cold packs to the affected area every two hours. Relax in a sturdy chair
What Kind of Physical Therapist Do I Need?
Everyone who works in physical therapy in fort lee is trained and experienced in treating persons who suffer from low back pain due to a herniated disc. You might want to think about: Therapists that specialize in orthopedic or musculoskeletal conditions are known as orthopedists.
This therapist may help you with your condition because of their extensive training, experience, and knowledge. Using the American Physical Therapy Association’s Find a PT service, you can search for qualified physical therapists in your area who have these and other certifications, as well as others.